Analyses which have attitudes and you can requirement as based details don’t possess clear temporal ordering once the every ideational factors was indeed counted on top of that within standard. Adult attitudes fundamentally occur in advance of children’s thinking and you may, if you are there is certainly particular influence out of kid’s perceptions to the parental perceptions, the majority of the new intergenerational impacts towards attitudes generally operate out of parents in order to people (Thornton et al. 2008). Then, early in the day studies have shown one to thinking influence standard, instead of traditional affecting thinking (Fishbein and you will Ajzen 2010). It is of good use, however, to store the potential of mutual causation between perceptions regarding moms and dads and kids planned once we understand performance, plus the odds of contrary causation where criterion dictate thinking.
Earliest, we tested hypothesis step one of the exploring in the event the children’s marital time attitudes be like its parents’ attitudes (Arrow 1, Fig. step one ). Coefficients out of linear regression models of children’s most readily useful age from the marriage are given in Desk step 3 . Whenever mothers and fathers really worth old age during the marriage, their children are a lot more going to really worth older many years, nevertheless the effect dimensions are modest. Each more 12 months out of most useful years offered by a mother or father and you will father is actually associated with an increase out-of 0.05 and you will 0.07 ages, correspondingly, for the child’s ideal many years (Habits step 1 and you may dos). Such confident coefficients having mothers’ and you may fathers’ ideal many years also are nevertheless an identical otherwise try some quicker if the two variables are as part of the same equation (Model step 3). As the section guess having fathers’ most readily useful decades (0.07) was slightly larger than regarding mothers’ (0.05), which difference between this new coefficients isn’t statistically tall.
Dining table step three
Coefficients and you will robust basic errors regarding average least squares regressions away from children’s best ages within relationships (attitudes) (letter = 1562)
* p step 1 ) and you can theory step three you to definitely parents’ time perceptions individually determine child’s requirement, web out-of children’s own attitudes (Arrow step three, Fig. 1 ). The newest bought logistic regression varieties of kid’s expectation out-of how in the near future they’re going to get married was placed in Dining table cuatro . Patterns step 1–4 size timing perceptions because most readily useful age at the wedding, if you are Models 5–8 measure timing perceptions of the researching children’s standard decades towards the a number of appropriate years.
Kid’s and you will mothers’ most useful decades performed apply to kid’s traditional. Sure-enough, whenever youngsters as well as their mothers appreciated old most readily useful decades, people was in fact decreased probably expect to wed in the future. Particularly, chances rates getting best many years at the matrimony is 0.80 for children (Model 1) and you can 0.93 having mothers (Model dos) (Dining table cuatro ). In comparison, the chances proportion to own dad’s better age of 0.97 is nearly you to definitely and never mathematically significant (Design step 3, Table cuatro ). Such consequences are also independent; regarding the complete design along with three family’s ideal age, the chances rates hold nearly steady (Design cuatro, Dining table 4 ).
The idea rates suggest kid’s individual top age contains the top influence on their standard, when you find yourself mom’s most readily useful ages try faster influential and you can fathers’ most readily useful ages provides hook dictate otherwise nothing anyway. Adjusted Wald screening demonstrate that the odds ratios into the children’s finest ages disagree notably about chances ratios for both mom’s and you can father’s greatest years. However, the results off mothers’ and you can fathers’ most useful ages toward child’s standards do not differ rather.
When measuring timing attitudes from the comparing child’s years for the appropriate marriage age ranges for a person of its gender, there was then facts one to people and you will moms and dads is both important, however in different ways. When child’s decades was versus their own timing thinking, an obvious “too-soon” perception is offered. In case it is more five years “too-soon,” students have from the that-half the odds out-of looking to wed soon compared to when it is step 3–five years “too quickly” (Habits 5 and you may 8). The purpose estimates of just one.31 (Model 5) and 1.35 (Design 8) advise that when it is the latest “correct time” youngsters provides higher odds of looking to get married in the future as compared to if it is 3–five years “too-soon,” but these consequences are not statistically tall. The purpose guess for children underneath the new appropriate variety, from the step 1–couple of years “too-soon,” ways he’s a little very likely to be prepared to wed soon having area quotes of 1.17 (Model 5) and 1.thirteen (Design 8), however these outcomes are maybe not mathematically significant.